Panna Tiger Reserve encompasses 543 square kilometres of varied habitats and extends along the Ken River, which flows north to join the Yamuna River, a tributary of the mighty Ganges. The region, which is famous for its diamonds, is also home to some of the best wildlife species in India. A former hunting preserve of the Panna family, the Tiger Reserve comprises large tracts of riverine forest providing perfect cover for both predators and prey. There are Tiger, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Wolf in the Reserve; herds of Spotted Deer inhabit the Reserve, as well as Nilgai, Chinkara, Sambar and the shy Chousingha. Together, these species form the principal prey for the Tigers.
Over 180 species of birds have been identified in Panna Tiger Reserve. There is a good variety of birds of prey, including Black-shouldered Kite, Crested Serpent Eagle, White-eyed Buzzard, Shikra, and several species of vulture. In the forests Malabar Pied Hornbill, Black-headed Oriole, and a selection of flycatchers, babblers and warblers add yet more exciting possibilities for bird enthusiasts. One of the reasons why Panna is such an excellent Reserve for birdlife is that it has maintained high levels of biodiversity. Its central location makes it a wonderful place for passage migrants, too.
The Climate of the region is tropical. Summers, somewhat is scorching when one has the maximum chances of mammals sighting of this park. Winters are cold but sometimes gets freezing cold and the temperature generally remains under 20C. From July upto mid September is monsoon season.